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Wed, 19 Sep 2007
PC Games
1. Medieval II: Total War Set between 1090 to 1530 CE, M2:TW lets you command thousands of individually animated 3- dimensional warriors in battles featuring knights, archers, catapults and even elephant mounted cannon. You also have to build and fund your armies while conquering regions on a map of Europe, the Middle East and even South America (once it's been discovered) with the ultimate aim of becoming emperor. Great graphics, great gameplay and a strong sense of history... 2. Company of Heroes This real time strategy has plenty of arcade elements, but the rest oozes World War Two atmosphere. Build your units and send them to your targets on the map, balancing capturing resources with defeating your opponent. This probably won't satisfy serious wargamers, but everyone else should be happy. 3. Total War: Eras This massive value-for-money compilation includes every game and expansion released in the Total War series before (but not including) Medieval II: Total War, as well as a soundtrack CD. The price is worth it for just Rome: Total War alone, a game equally as good as M2:TW with a different, but equally superb, atmosphere. 4. Combat Mission: Barbarossa to Berlin If you value historical accuracy and the ability to use correct tactics over flashy graphics and a rocking soundtrack you'll probably adore this, a turn based, 3-d game set on the Eastern Front during WW2. It's probably the most accurate game on the market, if not the most attractive, and there's a free demo. 5. Blitzkrieg 2 Pitched perfectly between the simulation of Combat Mission and the arcade of Soldiers: Heroes of World War 2, the original Blitzkrieg was my favourite real time strategy game set during the Second World War. This sequel opens the game to cover the Pacific theatre as well, but also features cameos from historical figures, adding a ‘special character’ feeling I found offputting. Be careful of the copy protection though: you might not want to install this game at all, depending on what you use your pc for... 6. Cossacks Gold Edition A real time strategy set somewhere between Total War and Civilization – expand your nation across the map whilst also fighting huge battles – Cossacks boasts 85 pre-designed historical campaigns, 16 nations to choose from, online games with up to seven players and a solid, proven system of gameplay, although the graphics aren’t great. Perhaps the biggest selling point is the era: the age of Pike and Musket, with the English Civil War and Seven Years War all featured. A sequel is now available. 7. Soldiers: Heroes of World War 2 Play as Britain, Russia, America or even Germany in this graphically stunning live action strategy. You control beautifully modeled 3D units in either groups or individually as you attempt to complete 25 missions; unfortunately, the general theme is special forces behind enemy lines, an all too common setting for WW2. However, you can choose between stealth or outright carnage to achieve your goals in what is ultimately an arcade look at WW2. 8. Knights of Honor As with Medieval: Total War, this is a mixture of ‘Civilization’-empire building and large-scale battle simulation, although there is greater emphasis on diplomacy, spying, economics and living out the feudal system; as such, it’s the only game to appear in both ‘war’ and ‘empire’ top picks. The ultimate goal is conquering the whole continent, but you’ll need more than a blood thirst to achieve it. 9. Close Combat 2 (Close Combat - A Bridge too Far) There may have been three more Close Combat’s since this was released, but war and computer gamers have consistently rated this as the best modern era real time strategy game ever, simply because of the sheer realism: you have to use proper tactics to succeed. While arcade style action games are often more immediately enjoyable, Close Combat 2 is more rewarding and even educational. However, the engine is getting a little old and you may require help getting started in modern systems. 10. Imperial Glory Refight the Napoleonic wars in two distinct ways: command troops in 3D battle and manage the finances and growth of your empire. Oh, and fight at sea in a dodgy naval system that everyone agrees is the worst part of the game! You really have to have an interest in the Napoleonic era to like the combat in this…but perhaps not a really fanatical interest.

Posted 18:27 
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First Aid: important guide
Burns: First aid To distinguish a minor burn from a serious burn, the first step is to determine the degree and the extent of damage to body tissues. The three classifications of first-degree burn, second- degree burn and third-degree burn will help you determine emergency care: First-degree burn The least serious burns are those in which only the outer layer of skin (epidermis) is burned. The skin is usually red, with swelling and pain sometimes present. The outer layer of skin hasn't been burned through. Treat a first-degree burn as a minor burn unless it involves substantial portions of the hands, feet, face, groin or buttocks, or a major joint. Second-degree burn When the first layer of skin has been burned through and the second layer of skin (dermis) also is burned, the injury is termed a second- degree burn. Blisters develop and the skin takes on an intensely reddened, splotchy appearance. Second-degree burns produce severe pain and swelling. If the second-degree burn is no larger than 2 to 3 inches in diameter, treat it as a minor burn. If the burned area is larger or if the burn is on the hands, feet, face, groin or buttocks, or over a major joint, get medical help immediately. For minor burns, including second-degree burns limited to an area no larger than 2 to 3 inches in diameter, take the following action: Cool the burn. Hold the burned area under cold running water for at least 5 minutes, or until the pain subsides. If this is impractical, immerse the burn in cold water or cool it with cold compresses. Cooling the burn reduces swelling by conducting heat away from the skin. Don't put ice on the burn. Cover the burn with a sterile gauze bandage. Don't use fluffy cotton, which may irritate the skin. Wrap the gauze loosely to avoid putting pressure on burned skin. Bandaging keeps air off the burned skin, reduces pain and protects blistered skin. Take an over-the-counter pain reliever. These include aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others), naproxen (Aleve) or acetaminophen (Tylenol, others). Never give aspirin to children or teenagers. Minor burns usually heal without further treatment. They may heal with pigment changes, meaning the healed area may be a different color from the surrounding skin. Watch for signs of infection, such as increased pain, redness, fever, swelling or oozing. If infection develops, seek medical help. Avoid re-injuring or tanning if the burns are less than a year old — doing so may cause more extensive pigmentation changes. Use sunscreen on the area for at least a year. Choking: A person who is choking will instinctively grab at the throat. The person also may panic, gasp for breath, turn blue, or be unconscious (see p. 1216). If the person can cough or speak, he or she is getting air. Nothing should be done. Immediate care If the person cannot cough or speak, begin the Heimlich maneuver (see p. 1205) immediately to dislodge the object blocking the windpipe. The Heimlich maneuver creates an artificial cough by forcing the diaphragm up toward the lungs. If you are choking and alone You can perform the Heimlich maneuver on yourself by giving yourself abdominal thrusts. Or position yourself over the back of a chair or against a railing or counter and press forcefully enough into it so that the thrust dislodges the object. First Aid for Wounds The sight of blood coming from a wound, whether it is yours or someone else's, can be very upsetting for most people. It is wise to study first aid in advance, so if the time comes, you can stay as calm as possible and take proper action. The following are some guidelines for different types of wounds. Remember to keep your first aid kit well stocked at all times! Minor Cuts and Scrapes Wash the affected area thoroughly with soap and water removing any foreign material, such as gravel or dirt, which can cause infection. Cover with a sterile dressing and bandage, and keep it clean and dry at all times. Wash the wound area daily (without scrubbing) and reapply a clean dressing until it is completely healed. Sponge area lightly with disinfectant. Some experts feel that applying products like hydrogen peroxide, alcohol, and iodine directly onto the site may delay healing of the affected tissues. Use your judgment, and if you are hesitant, you can swab the area surrounding the cut instead. Puncture Wounds Usually caused by a sharp, pointed object, such as a nail or needle, puncture wounds can be serious. The main concern is that it is a small, yet deep wound and germ-laden bacteria can be pushed into the wound with the offending object. Puncture wounds are difficult to clean. If the object has penetrated the bone, it can abscess. This is especially risky if the nail has gone through a tennis shoe. The foam in tennis shoes is known to harbor a type of bacteria called pseudomonas, which can cause infection of the tissues. Flush the area thoroughly with water, cleaning well. Elevate the foot, and if signs of infection manifest (redness, swelling, persistent pain, pus, or fever), contact a health professional (These signs of infection apply to any type of wound). Wear a clean sock and shoe to protect the area while it is healing. Make sure you are current on your immunizations against tetanus (lockjaw). Major wounds For severe bleeding, apply constant pressure to the wound with a sterile dressing, if available. Hold for up to twenty minutes. If there is a foreign object in the wound (such as glass) don't press directly, but apply pressure along the wound area. If broken bones or dislocations are suspected, do not move the affected limb. Immobilize by a splint, if possible. If you are sure there are no breaks, you can gently elevate and support the part while keeping pressure on it. This action should minimize bleeding. Dress the wound with sterile non-sticking material as soon as possible and obtain professional help. Tips to remember For large, open wounds, contact a health professional immediately. Surgical sutures may be required to close the wound. Check frequently for signs of infection, as outlined under “puncture wounds.” Keep emergency phone numbers by each phone in your house Review first aid procedures with family members on a regular basis Keep first aid supplies well stocked in your home, as well as your car. For more information on first aid for wounds, see the book First Aid: First on the Scene by St. John Ambulance. Providing First Aid To Car Accident Victims: The first thing to do in case of car accident is to remain calm and not to panic. After you calm yourself, the next best thing to do is to seek for help quickly however we all know from movies that help often times comes later on in the movie which is sadly to say also happens in real life and so for cases such as this it is always practical and sensible to apply first aid solutions. The main concern of giving first aid solutions is to save lives as well as to provide temporary relief to injuries due to the impact of car accidents. However, injuries due to car accidents doesn’t necessarily mean that there would be wounds nevertheless the absence of wounds does not in any way indicates that the victim is not harmed or is completely all right. Examples of these kind of injuries are those found in the head or the abdomen wherein symptoms are not readily manifested however victims still need to be accompanied to a secured place until professional help arrive. In addition, victims of car accidents have to be examined in three areas and these are the airways, breathing and circulation areas. However, in cases wherein a victim suffers from a broken neck, first aid rule requires to refrain from mishandling or to move the victim since such injury may lead to a permanent disability. On the other hand, it is much better to check the airways first since the lack of oxygen for more than three minutes can be fatal. Signs of airway obstruction are manifested by the color of the lips, breathing sound and then the feel of the exhaled air on your cheek. In case the victim is not breathing, feel the inside of the victim’s mouth with your finger to know what’s causing the obstruction. This action will tend to pull the tongue of the victim forward thus restoring the airway. Afterwards, check the breathing of the victim however there are cases wherein after the removal of the obstruction from the airways the victim still fails to breathe, such case calls for a mouth to mouth resuscitation. To initiate the resuscitation process, the first thing to do is to take a deep breath and then pinch the victim’s nostrils together and then seal your lips around the victim’s mouth. And then check the victim’s chest to see whether air has already reached his lungs and if you see his chest rise then that is an indication that the victim will be able breathe again. For cases, wherein victims are bleeding to death, again it is important not to panic. In cases wherein there is continuous bleeding and then a significant drop in blood pressure it is advisable to stop the bleeding by means of clogging the wound by means of pressing against it with your thumb. The pressure you applied on the wound would stop it from bleeding. And for victims whose spine are injured it is best to gently lift the neck and then try to keep the victim to look straight to his front and remember not to let the head flop from either side or else this will paralyzed the victim. First Aid for Drowning: ALWAYS PERFORM THE HEIMLICH MANEUVER ON ANY DROWNING VICTIM BEFORE YOU DO CPR! Why is this page here? I am posting this page because my four year old granddaughter, Melodie Ann, died in an accidental drowning. I believe that her death was caused by faulty advice given by the 911 dispatcher, and it is my sincere hope that by posting this information, Melodie will not have died in vain and can save someone else's life.

Posted 17:36 
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Sat, 15 Sep 2007
100 Ideas For More Peaceful World
Be generous with your smiles. Be kind. Respect the Earth. Walk in a forest. Plant a tree. Contemplate a mountain. Protect the Earth. Live simply. Help feed the hungry. Erase a border in your mind. Teach peace to children. Read Chief Seattle's Letter to the President. Be honest. Demand honesty from your government. Think about consequences. Commit yourself to nonviolence. Support nonviolent solutions to global problems. Speak up for a healthy planet. Demand reductions in military expenditures. Be fair. Pledge allegiance to the Earth and to its varied life forms. Think for yourself. Ask questions. Recognize your unique potential. Join an organization working for peace. Be less materialistic. Be more loving. Empower others to work for peace. Oppose all weapons of mass destruction. Support equality. Speak out for a nuclear weapons-free world. Support a Department of Peace. Listen to your heart. Help the poor. Fight against militarism. Study the lives of peace heroes. Help create a community peace park or garden. Commemorate the International Day of Peace. Help strengthen the United Nations. Support the International Criminal Court. Read the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Advance the rights of future generations. Be a voice for the voiceless. Join an action alert network. Be forgiving. Laugh more. Play with a child. Support education and the arts over weapons. Help educate the next generation to be compassionate. Take personal responsibility for creating a better world. Sing. Write a poem. Organize a church service on the theme of peace. Learn about another culture. Help someone. Support the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF). Oppose the arms trade. Clear your mind. Breathe deeply. Sip tea. Express your views on peace to government officials. Fight for the environment. Celebrate Earth Day. Think like an astronaut, recognizing that we have only one Earth. Be constructive. Let someone else go first. Plant seeds of peace. Work in a garden. Change a potential enemy into a friend. Be positive. Share. Be a good neighbor. Send a note of appreciation. Tell your friends how much they matter. Say "I love you" more. Don't tolerate prejudice. Demand more from your elected officials. Walk by the ocean, a river, or a lake. Recognize that all humans have the right to peace. Respect the dignity of each person. Be a leader in the struggle for human decency. Be a friend. Send sunflowers to world leaders, and call for a world free of nuclear weapons. Oppose technologies that harm the environment. Lose an argument to a loved one. Value diversity. Walk softly on the Earth. Appreciate the power of the sun. Speak out for global disarmament. Support a democratic order. Teach non-violence by example. Remember that "No man is an Island." Spend time in nature. Boycott war toys. Be thankful for the miracle of life. Seek harmony with nature. Remind your leaders that peace matters. Oppose violence in television programming for children. Listen to Beethoven's Ode to Joy. Celebrate peace.

Posted 17:00 
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Health Tips for Healthy Living
Physical activity and exercise Benefits of regular exercise: Regular exercise can prevent and reverse age- related decreases in muscle mass and strength, improve balance, flexibility, and endurance, and decrease the risk of falls in the elderly. Regular exercise can help prevent coronary heart disease, stroke, diabetes, obesity, and high blood pressure. Regular, weight-bearing exercise can also help prevent osteoporosis by building bone strength. Regular exercise can help chronic arthritis sufferers improve their capacity to perform daily activities such as driving, climbing stairs, and opening jars. Regular exercise can help increase self-esteem and self-confidence, decrease stress and anxiety, enhance mood, and improve general mental health. Regular exercise can help control weight gain. Consequences of physical inactivity and lack of exercise: Physical inactivity and lack of exercise are associated with heart disease and some cancers. Physical inactivity and lack of exercise are associated with Type II diabetes mellitus (also known as maturity or adult onset, non-insulin dependent diabetes). Physical inactivity and lack of exercise contribute to weight gain. Exercise recommendations: 30 minutes of modest exercise (walking is OK) at least three to five days a week is recommended. But, the greatest health benefits come from exercising most days of the week. Exercise can be broken up into smaller 10-minute sessions. Start slowly and progress gradually to avoid injury or excessive soreness or fatigue. Over time, build up to 30 to 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous exercise every day. People are never too old to start exercising. Even frail, elderly individuals (ages 70-90 years) can improve their strength and balance. Exercise precautions: Individuals can begin moderate exercise, such as walking, without a medical examination. The following persons, however, should consult a doctor before beginning more vigorous exercise: Men over age 40 or women over age 50. Individuals with heart or lung disease, asthma, arthritis, or osteoporosis. Individuals who experience chest pressure or pain with exertion, or who develop fatigue or shortness of breath easily. Individuals with conditions that increase their risks of developing coronary heart disease, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, cigarette smoking, high blood cholesterol, or having family members who had early onset heart attacks and coronary heart disease. Avoid tobacco use Tobacco use is the most important preventable cause of death. Tobacco use was estimated to be the cause of 17% of all deaths and 13% of all years of life lost by adults due to death prior to age 65 in the US in 1980. Adverse consequences of tobacco use: Tobacco use causes an estimated 30% of cancers in the US. Tobacco use causes cancers of the lung, mouth, lip, tongue, esophagus, kidney, and bladder. It also further increases the risk of bladder cancer in subjects occupationally exposed to certain organic chemicals found in the textile, leather, rubber, dye, paint, and other organic chemical industries, and further increases the risk of lung cancer among subjects exposed to asbestos. Tobacco use causes atherosclerotic arterial disease (hardening and narrowing of the arteries) that can lead to heart attacks, strokes, and lack of blood flow to the lower extremities. Tobacco use causes an estimated 20% of coronary heart disease in the US. It also further increases the risk of heart attacks among subjects with elevated cholesterol, uncontrolled hypertension, obesity, and a sedentary lifestyle. Tobacco use causes an estimated 20% of chronic lung diseases in the U.S., such as chronic bronchitis and emphysema, and causes pneumonia in those with chronic lung disease. Pregnant women who smoke are more likely to deliver babies with low birth weight. Second-hand smoke can cause middle ear infections (otitis media), coughing, wheezing, bronchitis, and pneumonia in babies, and aggravate asthma in children. Second-hand smoke (sometimes referred to as passive smoking) can also cause lung cancer. Each year in the US, an estimated 3,000 deaths occur that are attributable to lung cancers caused by passive smoking. Comments and recommendations: Quitting smoking is difficult to accomplish; tobacco contains nicotine, which is addictive. Some smokers can quit "cold turkey," but for most, quitting smoking requires a serious life- long commitment and an average of six quitting attempts before success. Quitting smoking efforts may include behavior modification, counseling, use of nicotine chewing gum (Nicorette Gum), nicotine skin patches (Transderm Nicotine ), or oral medications such as bupropion (Zyban). Avoid excessive alcohol consumption Adverse consequences of excessive alcohol consumption: Chronic, excess alcohol consumption is the major cause of liver cirrhosis in the US. Liver cirrhosis can cause internal hemorrhage, fluid accumulation in the abdomen, easy bleeding and bruising, muscle wasting, mental confusion, infections, and in advanced cases, coma and kidney failure. Liver cirrhosis can lead to liver cancer. Alcohol accounts for 40-50% of deaths from automobile accidents in the US. Alcohol is a significant cause of injury and death from home accidents, drowning, and burns. Comments and recommendations: There are many treatments for alcoholism. But the crucial first step to recovery is for the individual to admit there is a problem and make a commitment to address the alcoholism issue. The 12-step-style self help programs, pioneered by Alcoholics Anonymous, can be one effective treatment. Psychologists and related professionals have developed programs to help individuals better handle emotional stresses and avoid behaviors that can lead to excess drinking. Support and understanding from family members are often critical for sustained recovery. Medication can be useful for the prevention of relapses and for withdrawal symptoms following acute or prolonged intoxication. Avoid high-risk sexual behaviors Multiple sex partners Sex partners with a history of Intravenous drug use Venereal disease (sexually transmitted diseases ) Adverse consequences of high-risk sexual behavior: Transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases (chlamydia, gonorrhea , syphilis, genital herpes) Transmission of hepatitis B (50% of hepatitis B infections are due to sexual transmission), and in rare instances hepatitis C. Transmission of human papilloma virus (HPV), which can cause genital warts and anogenital carcinomas, most commonly cancer of the uterine cervix. Unplanned pregnancy Recommendations: Avoid unprotected sex (sex without barriers such as a condom) outside an established, committed, monogamous relationship. Avoid other high-risk behaviors such as Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs Driving while sleep-deprived Reckless driving and speeding, “road rage” Driving while using cell phones or performing other tasks Motorcycle (and bicycle) riding without helmets Possession of firearms and guns without proper training and storage Smoking in bed Adverse consequences of high-risk behaviors: Motor vehicle accidents account for 40-50% of accidental deaths Motorcycle accidents are a major cause of serious head injuries Firearms and guns account for a significant proportion of deaths among adolescents due to male suicide and homicide. Smoking in bed can lead to burn injury and death Recommendations: Use seat restraints Do not drink and drive Do not drive if sleep deprived Avoid unnecessary distractions while driving (talking on cell phones, eating, applying makeup, etc.) Use helmets while riding bicycles and motorcycles. Helmet use reduces deaths from motorcycle accidents by 30% and serious head injuries by 75%. Proper training in the use and storage of guns and ammunition Smoke detectors; avoid smoking in bed Use seat restraints Adverse consequences of excess sun exposure: Risks of behavior, melanoma and other skin cancers Recommendation: Avoid sunburns and sun exposure without protection. Use brimmed hats, protective clothing and sunscreen.

Posted 16:53 
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Tue, 11 Sep 2007
100 Ways to Save The Environment
In Your Home – Conserve Energy Clean or replace air filters on your air conditioning unit at least once a month. If you have central air conditioning, do not close vents in unused rooms. Lower the thermostat on your water heater to 120. Wrap your water heater in an insulated blanket. Turn down or shut off your water heater when you will be away for extended periods. Turn off unneeded lights even when leaving a room for a short time. Set your refrigerator temperature at 36 to 38 and your freezer at 0 to 5 . When using an oven, minimize door opening while it is in use; it reduces oven temperature by 25 to 30 every time you open the door. Clean the lint filter in your dryer after every load so that it uses less energy. Unplug seldom used appliances. Use a microwave when- ever you can instead of a conventional oven or stove. Wash clothes with warm or cold water instead of hot. Reverse your indoor ceiling fans for summer and winter operations as recommended. Turn off lights, computers and other appliances when not in use. Purchase appliances and office equipment with the Energy Star Label; old refridgerators, for example, use up to 50 more electricity than newer models. Only use electric appliances when you need them. Use compact fluorescent light bulbs to save money and energy. Keep your thermostat at 68 in winter and 78 in summer. Keep your thermostat higher in summer and lower in winter when you are away Insulate your home as best as you can. Install weather stripping around all doors and windows. Shut off electrical equipment in the evening when you leave work. Plant trees to shade your home. Shade outside air conditioning units by trees or other means. Replace old windows with energy efficient ones. Use cold water instead of warm or hot water when possible. Connect your outdoor lights to a timer. Buy green electricity - electricity produced by low - or even zero-pollution facilities (NC Greenpower for North Carolina - www.ncgreenpower.org). In your home-reduce toxicity. In Your Home – Reduce Toxicity Eliminate mercury from your home by purchasing items without mercury, and dispose of items containing mercury at an appropriate drop-off facility when necessary (e.g. old thermometers). Learn about alternatives to household cleaning items that do not use hazardous chemicals. Buy the right amount of paint for the job. Review labels of household cleaners you use. Consider alternatives like baking soda, scouring pads, water or a little more elbow grease. When no good alternatives exist to a toxic item, find the least amount required for an effective, sanitary result. If you have an older home, have paint in your home tested for lead. If you have lead-based paint, cover it with wall paper or other material instead of sanding it or burning it off. Use traps instead of rat and mouse poisons and insect killers. Have your home tested for radon. Use cedar chips or aromatic herbs instead of mothballs. In Your Yard Avoid using leaf blowers and other dust-producing equipment. Use an electric lawn- mower instead of a gas- powered one. Leave grass clippings on the yard-they decompose and return nutrients to the soil. Use recycled wood chips as mulch to keep weeds down, retain moisture and prevent erosion. Use only the required amount of fertilizer. Minimize pesticide use. Create a wildlife habitat in your yard. Water grass early in the morning. Rent or borrow items like ladders, chain saws, party decorations and others that are seldom used. Take actions that use non hazardous components (e.g., to ward off pests, plant marigolds in a garden instead of using pesticide). Put leaves in a compost heap instead of burning them or throwing them away. Yard debris too large for your compost bin should be taken to a yard- debris recycler. In Your Office Copy and print on both sides of paper. Reuse items like envelopes, folders and paper clips. Use mailer sheets for interoffice mail instead of an envelope.Use mailer sheets for interoffice mail instead of an envelope. Set up a bulletin board for memos instead of sending a copy to each employee. Use e-mail instead of paper correspondence. Use recycled paper. Use discarded paper for scrap paper. Encourage your school and/or company to print documents with soy-based inks, which are less toxic. Use a ceramic coffee mug instead of a disposable cup. Ways To Protect Our Air Ask your employer to consider flexible work schedules or telecommuting. Recycle printer cartridges. Shut off electrical equipment in the evening when you leave work. Report smoking vehicles to your local air agency. Don't use your wood stove or fireplace when air quality is poor. Avoid slow-burning, smoldering fires. They produce the largest amount of pollution. Burn seasoned wood - it burns cleaner than green wood. Use solar power for home and water heating. Use low-VOC or water-based paints, stains, finishes and paint strippers. Purchase radial tires and keep them properly inflated for your vehicle. Paint with brushes or rollers instead of using spray paints to minimize harmful emissions. Ignite charcoal barbecues with an electric probe or other alternative to lighter fluid. If you use a wood stove, use one sold after 1990. They are required to meet federal emissions standards and are more efficient and cleaner burning. Walk or ride your bike instead of driving, whenever possible. Join a carpool or vanpool to get to work. Ways to Use Less Water Check and fix any water leaks. Install water-saving devices on your faucets and toilets. Don't wash dishes with the water running continuously. Wash and dry only full loads of laundry and dishes. Follow your community's water use restrictions or guidelines. Install a low-flow shower head. Replace old toilets with new ones that use a lot less water. Turn off washing machine's water supply to prevent leaks. Ways to Protect Our Water Revegetate or mulch disturbed soil as soon as possible. Never dump anything down a storm drain. Have your septic tank pumped and system inspected regularly. Check your car for oil or other leaks, and recycle motor oil. Take your car to a car wash instead of washing it in the driveway. Learn about your watershed. Create Less Trash Buy items in bulk from loose bins when possible to reduce the packaging wasted. Avoid products with several layers of packaging when only one is sufficient. About 33 of what we throw away is packaging. Buy products that you can reuse. Maintain and repair durable products instead of buying new ones. Check reports for products that are easily repaired and have low breakdown rates. Reuse items like bags and containers when possible. Use cloth napkins instead of paper ones. Use reusable plates and utensils instead of disposable ones. Use reusable containers to store food instead of aluminum foil and cling wrap. Shop with a canvas bag instead of using paper and plastic bags. Buy rechargeable batteries for devices used frequently. Reuse packaging cartons and shipping materials. Old newspapers make great packaging material. Compost your vegetable scraps. Buy used furniture - there is a surplus of it, and it is much cheaper than new furniture.

Posted 07:59 
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