Wed, 19 Sep 2007
1. Medieval II: Total War
Set between 1090 to 1530 CE, M2:TW lets you
command thousands of individually animated 3-
dimensional warriors in battles featuring
knights, archers, catapults and even elephant
mounted cannon. You also have to build and fund
your armies while conquering regions on a map of
Europe, the Middle East and even South America
(once it's been discovered) with the ultimate aim
of becoming emperor. Great graphics, great
gameplay and a strong sense of history...
2. Company of Heroes
This real time strategy has plenty of arcade
elements, but the rest oozes World War Two
atmosphere. Build your units and send them to
your targets on the map, balancing capturing
resources with defeating your opponent. This
probably won't satisfy serious wargamers, but
everyone else should be happy.
3. Total War: Eras
This massive value-for-money compilation includes
every game and expansion released in the Total
War series before (but not including) Medieval
II: Total War, as well as a soundtrack CD. The
price is worth it for just Rome: Total War alone,
a game equally as good as M2:TW with a different,
but equally superb, atmosphere.
4. Combat Mission: Barbarossa to Berlin
If you value historical accuracy and the ability
to use correct tactics over flashy graphics and a
rocking soundtrack you'll probably adore this, a
turn based, 3-d game set on the Eastern Front
during WW2. It's probably the most accurate game
on the market, if not the most attractive, and
there's a free demo.
5. Blitzkrieg 2
Pitched perfectly between the simulation of
Combat Mission and the arcade of Soldiers: Heroes
of World War 2, the original Blitzkrieg was my
favourite real time strategy game set during the
Second World War. This sequel opens the game to
cover the Pacific theatre as well, but also
features cameos from historical figures, adding
a ‘special character’ feeling I found offputting.
Be careful of the copy protection though: you
might not want to install this game at all,
depending on what you use your pc for...
6. Cossacks Gold Edition
A real time strategy set somewhere between Total
War and Civilization – expand your nation across
the map whilst also fighting huge battles –
Cossacks boasts 85 pre-designed historical
campaigns, 16 nations to choose from, online
games with up to seven players and a solid,
proven system of gameplay, although the graphics
aren’t great. Perhaps the biggest selling point
is the era: the age of Pike and Musket, with the
English Civil War and Seven Years War all
featured. A sequel is now available.
7. Soldiers: Heroes of World War 2
Play as Britain, Russia, America or even Germany
in this graphically stunning live action
strategy. You control beautifully modeled 3D
units in either groups or individually as you
attempt to complete 25 missions; unfortunately,
the general theme is special forces behind enemy
lines, an all too common setting for WW2.
However, you can choose between stealth or
outright carnage to achieve your goals in what is
ultimately an arcade look at WW2.
8. Knights of Honor
As with Medieval: Total War, this is a mixture
of ‘Civilization’-empire building and large-scale
battle simulation, although there is greater
emphasis on diplomacy, spying, economics and
living out the feudal system; as such, it’s the
only game to appear in both ‘war’ and ‘empire’
top picks. The ultimate goal is conquering the
whole continent, but you’ll need more than a
blood thirst to achieve it.
9. Close Combat 2 (Close Combat - A Bridge too
There may have been three more Close Combat’s
since this was released, but war and computer
gamers have consistently rated this as the best
modern era real time strategy game ever, simply
because of the sheer realism: you have to use
proper tactics to succeed. While arcade style
action games are often more immediately
enjoyable, Close Combat 2 is more rewarding and
even educational. However, the engine is getting
a little old and you may require help getting
started in modern systems.
10. Imperial Glory
Refight the Napoleonic wars in two distinct ways:
command troops in 3D battle and manage the
finances and growth of your empire. Oh, and fight
at sea in a dodgy naval system that everyone
agrees is the worst part of the game! You really
have to have an interest in the Napoleonic era to
like the combat in this…but perhaps not a really
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|First Aid: important guide
Burns: First aid
To distinguish a minor burn from a serious burn,
the first step is to determine the degree and the
extent of damage to body tissues. The three
classifications of first-degree burn, second-
degree burn and third-degree burn will help you
determine emergency care:
The least serious burns are those in which only
the outer layer of skin (epidermis) is burned.
The skin is usually red, with swelling and pain
sometimes present. The outer layer of skin hasn't
been burned through. Treat a first-degree burn as
a minor burn unless it involves substantial
portions of the hands, feet, face, groin or
buttocks, or a major joint.
When the first layer of skin has been burned
through and the second layer of skin (dermis)
also is burned, the injury is termed a second-
degree burn. Blisters develop and the skin takes
on an intensely reddened, splotchy appearance.
Second-degree burns produce severe pain and
If the second-degree burn is no larger than 2 to
3 inches in diameter, treat it as a minor burn.
If the burned area is larger or if the burn is on
the hands, feet, face, groin or buttocks, or over
a major joint, get medical help immediately.
For minor burns, including second-degree burns
limited to an area no larger than 2 to 3 inches
in diameter, take the following action:
Cool the burn. Hold the burned area under cold
running water for at least 5 minutes, or until
the pain subsides. If this is impractical,
immerse the burn in cold water or cool it with
cold compresses. Cooling the burn reduces
swelling by conducting heat away from the skin.
Don't put ice on the burn.
Cover the burn with a sterile gauze bandage.
Don't use fluffy cotton, which may irritate the
skin. Wrap the gauze loosely to avoid putting
pressure on burned skin. Bandaging keeps air off
the burned skin, reduces pain and protects
Take an over-the-counter pain reliever. These
include aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin,
others), naproxen (Aleve) or acetaminophen
(Tylenol, others). Never give aspirin to children
Minor burns usually heal without further
treatment. They may heal with pigment changes,
meaning the healed area may be a different color
from the surrounding skin. Watch for signs of
infection, such as increased pain, redness,
fever, swelling or oozing. If infection develops,
seek medical help. Avoid re-injuring or tanning
if the burns are less than a year old — doing so
may cause more extensive pigmentation changes.
Use sunscreen on the area for at least a year.
A person who is choking will instinctively grab
at the throat. The person also may panic, gasp
for breath, turn blue, or be unconscious (see p.
1216). If the person can cough or speak, he or
she is getting air. Nothing should be done.
If the person cannot cough or speak, begin the
Heimlich maneuver (see p. 1205) immediately to
dislodge the object blocking the windpipe. The
Heimlich maneuver creates an artificial cough by
forcing the diaphragm up toward the lungs.
If you are choking and alone You can perform the
Heimlich maneuver on yourself by giving yourself
abdominal thrusts. Or position yourself over the
back of a chair or against a railing or counter
and press forcefully enough into it so that the
thrust dislodges the object.
First Aid for Wounds
The sight of blood coming from a wound, whether
it is yours or someone else's, can be very
upsetting for most people. It is wise to study
first aid in advance, so if the time comes, you
can stay as calm as possible and take proper
action. The following are some guidelines for
different types of wounds. Remember to keep your
first aid kit well stocked at all times!
Minor Cuts and Scrapes
Wash the affected area thoroughly with soap and
water removing any foreign material, such as
gravel or dirt, which can cause infection. Cover
with a sterile dressing and bandage, and keep it
clean and dry at all times. Wash the wound area
daily (without scrubbing) and reapply a clean
dressing until it is completely healed. Sponge
area lightly with disinfectant. Some experts feel
that applying products like hydrogen peroxide,
alcohol, and iodine directly onto the site may
delay healing of the affected tissues. Use your
judgment, and if you are hesitant, you can swab
the area surrounding the cut instead.
Usually caused by a sharp, pointed object, such
as a nail or needle, puncture wounds can be
serious. The main concern is that it is a small,
yet deep wound and germ-laden bacteria can be
pushed into the wound with the offending object.
Puncture wounds are difficult to clean. If the
object has penetrated the bone, it can abscess.
This is especially risky if the nail has gone
through a tennis shoe. The foam in tennis shoes
is known to harbor a type of bacteria called
pseudomonas, which can cause infection of the
tissues. Flush the area thoroughly with water,
cleaning well. Elevate the foot, and if signs of
infection manifest (redness, swelling, persistent
pain, pus, or fever), contact a health
professional (These signs of infection apply to
any type of wound). Wear a clean sock and shoe to
protect the area while it is healing. Make sure
you are current on your immunizations against
For severe bleeding, apply constant pressure to
the wound with a sterile dressing, if available.
Hold for up to twenty minutes. If there is a
foreign object in the wound (such as glass) don't
press directly, but apply pressure along the
wound area. If broken bones or dislocations are
suspected, do not move the affected limb.
Immobilize by a splint, if possible. If you are
sure there are no breaks, you can gently elevate
and support the part while keeping pressure on
it. This action should minimize bleeding. Dress
the wound with sterile non-sticking material as
soon as possible and obtain professional help.
Tips to remember
For large, open wounds, contact a health
professional immediately. Surgical sutures may be
required to close the wound.
Check frequently for signs of infection, as
outlined under “puncture wounds.”
Keep emergency phone numbers by each phone in
Review first aid procedures with family members
on a regular basis
Keep first aid supplies well stocked in your
home, as well as your car.
For more information on first aid for wounds, see
the book First Aid: First on the Scene by St.
Providing First Aid To Car Accident Victims:
The first thing to do in case of car accident is
to remain calm and not to panic. After you calm
yourself, the next best thing to do is to seek
for help quickly however we all know from movies
that help often times comes later on in the movie
which is sadly to say also happens in real life
and so for cases such as this it is always
practical and sensible to apply first aid
The main concern of giving first aid solutions is
to save lives as well as to provide temporary
relief to injuries due to the impact of car
accidents. However, injuries due to car accidents
doesn’t necessarily mean that there would be
wounds nevertheless the absence of wounds does
not in any way indicates that the victim is not
harmed or is completely all right. Examples of
these kind of injuries are those found in the
head or the abdomen wherein symptoms are not
readily manifested however victims still need to
be accompanied to a secured place until
professional help arrive.
In addition, victims of car accidents have to be
examined in three areas and these are the
airways, breathing and circulation areas.
However, in cases wherein a victim suffers from a
broken neck, first aid rule requires to refrain
from mishandling or to move the victim since such
injury may lead to a permanent disability. On the
other hand, it is much better to check the
airways first since the lack of oxygen for more
than three minutes can be fatal. Signs of airway
obstruction are manifested by the color of the
lips, breathing sound and then the feel of the
exhaled air on your cheek. In case the victim is
not breathing, feel the inside of the victim’s
mouth with your finger to know what’s causing the
obstruction. This action will tend to pull the
tongue of the victim forward thus restoring the
airway. Afterwards, check the breathing of the
victim however there are cases wherein after the
removal of the obstruction from the airways the
victim still fails to breathe, such case calls
for a mouth to mouth resuscitation. To initiate
the resuscitation process, the first thing to do
is to take a deep breath and then pinch the
victim’s nostrils together and then seal your
lips around the victim’s mouth. And then check
the victim’s chest to see whether air has already
reached his lungs and if you see his chest rise
then that is an indication that the victim will
be able breathe again.
For cases, wherein victims are bleeding to death,
again it is important not to panic. In cases
wherein there is continuous bleeding and then a
significant drop in blood pressure it is
advisable to stop the bleeding by means of
clogging the wound by means of pressing against
it with your thumb. The pressure you applied on
the wound would stop it from bleeding. And for
victims whose spine are injured it is best to
gently lift the neck and then try to keep the
victim to look straight to his front and remember
not to let the head flop from either side or else
this will paralyzed the victim.
First Aid for Drowning:
ALWAYS PERFORM THE HEIMLICH MANEUVER ON ANY
DROWNING VICTIM BEFORE YOU DO CPR!
Why is this page here?
I am posting this page because my four year old
granddaughter, Melodie Ann, died in an accidental
drowning. I believe that her death was caused by
faulty advice given by the 911 dispatcher, and it
is my sincere hope that by posting this
information, Melodie will not have died in vain
and can save someone else's life.
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Sat, 15 Sep 2007
|100 Ideas For More Peaceful World
Be generous with your smiles.
Respect the Earth.
Walk in a forest.
Plant a tree.
Contemplate a mountain.
Protect the Earth.
Help feed the hungry.
Erase a border in your mind.
Teach peace to children.
Read Chief Seattle's Letter to the President.
Demand honesty from your government.
Think about consequences.
Commit yourself to nonviolence.
Support nonviolent solutions to global problems.
Speak up for a healthy planet.
Demand reductions in military expenditures.
Pledge allegiance to the Earth and to its varied
Think for yourself.
Recognize your unique potential.
Join an organization working for peace.
Be less materialistic.
Be more loving.
Empower others to work for peace.
Oppose all weapons of mass destruction.
Speak out for a nuclear weapons-free world.
Support a Department of Peace.
Listen to your heart.
Help the poor.
Fight against militarism.
Study the lives of peace heroes.
Help create a community peace park or garden.
Commemorate the International Day of Peace.
Help strengthen the United Nations.
Support the International Criminal Court.
Read the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Advance the rights of future generations.
Be a voice for the voiceless.
Join an action alert network.
Play with a child.
Support education and the arts over weapons.
Help educate the next generation to be
Take personal responsibility for creating a
Write a poem.
Organize a church service on the theme of peace.
Learn about another culture.
Support the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF).
Oppose the arms trade.
Clear your mind.
Express your views on peace to government
Fight for the environment.
Celebrate Earth Day.
Think like an astronaut, recognizing that we have
only one Earth.
Let someone else go first.
Plant seeds of peace.
Work in a garden.
Change a potential enemy into a friend.
Be a good neighbor.
Send a note of appreciation.
Tell your friends how much they matter.
Say "I love you" more.
Don't tolerate prejudice.
Demand more from your elected officials.
Walk by the ocean, a river, or a lake.
Recognize that all humans have the right to
Respect the dignity of each person.
Be a leader in the struggle for human decency.
Be a friend.
Send sunflowers to world leaders, and call for a
world free of nuclear weapons.
Oppose technologies that harm the environment.
Lose an argument to a loved one.
Walk softly on the Earth.
Appreciate the power of the sun.
Speak out for global disarmament.
Support a democratic order.
Teach non-violence by example.
Remember that "No man is an Island."
Spend time in nature.
Boycott war toys.
Be thankful for the miracle of life.
Seek harmony with nature.
Remind your leaders that peace matters.
Oppose violence in television programming for
Listen to Beethoven's Ode to Joy.
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|Health Tips for Healthy Living
Physical activity and exercise
Benefits of regular exercise:
Regular exercise can prevent and reverse age-
related decreases in muscle mass and strength,
improve balance, flexibility, and endurance, and
decrease the risk of falls in the elderly.
Regular exercise can help prevent coronary heart
disease, stroke, diabetes, obesity, and high
blood pressure. Regular, weight-bearing exercise
can also help prevent osteoporosis by building
Regular exercise can help chronic arthritis
sufferers improve their capacity to perform daily
activities such as driving, climbing stairs, and
Regular exercise can help increase self-esteem
and self-confidence, decrease stress and anxiety,
enhance mood, and improve general mental health.
Regular exercise can help control weight gain.
Consequences of physical inactivity and lack of
Physical inactivity and lack of exercise are
associated with heart disease and some cancers.
Physical inactivity and lack of exercise are
associated with Type II diabetes mellitus (also
known as maturity or adult onset, non-insulin
Physical inactivity and lack of exercise
contribute to weight gain.
30 minutes of modest exercise (walking is OK) at
least three to five days a week is recommended.
But, the greatest health benefits come from
exercising most days of the week.
Exercise can be broken up into smaller 10-minute
Start slowly and progress gradually to avoid
injury or excessive soreness or fatigue. Over
time, build up to 30 to 60 minutes of moderate to
vigorous exercise every day.
People are never too old to start exercising.
Even frail, elderly individuals (ages 70-90
years) can improve their strength and balance.
Individuals can begin moderate exercise, such as
walking, without a medical examination. The
following persons, however, should consult a
doctor before beginning more vigorous exercise:
Men over age 40 or women over age 50.
Individuals with heart or lung disease, asthma,
arthritis, or osteoporosis.
Individuals who experience chest pressure or pain
with exertion, or who develop fatigue or
shortness of breath easily.
Individuals with conditions that increase their
risks of developing coronary heart disease, such
as high blood pressure, diabetes, cigarette
smoking, high blood cholesterol, or having family
members who had early onset heart attacks and
coronary heart disease.
Avoid tobacco use
Tobacco use is the most important preventable
cause of death. Tobacco use was estimated to be
the cause of 17% of all deaths and 13% of all
years of life lost by adults due to death prior
to age 65 in the US in 1980.
Adverse consequences of tobacco use:
Tobacco use causes an estimated 30% of cancers in
the US. Tobacco use causes cancers of the lung,
mouth, lip, tongue, esophagus, kidney, and
bladder. It also further increases the risk of
bladder cancer in subjects occupationally exposed
to certain organic chemicals found in the
textile, leather, rubber, dye, paint, and other
organic chemical industries, and further
increases the risk of lung cancer among subjects
exposed to asbestos.
Tobacco use causes atherosclerotic arterial
disease (hardening and narrowing of the arteries)
that can lead to heart attacks, strokes, and lack
of blood flow to the lower extremities. Tobacco
use causes an estimated 20% of coronary heart
disease in the US. It also further increases the
risk of heart attacks among subjects with
elevated cholesterol, uncontrolled hypertension,
obesity, and a sedentary lifestyle.
Tobacco use causes an estimated 20% of chronic
lung diseases in the U.S., such as chronic
bronchitis and emphysema, and causes pneumonia in
those with chronic lung disease.
Pregnant women who smoke are more likely to
deliver babies with low birth weight.
Second-hand smoke can cause middle ear infections
(otitis media), coughing, wheezing, bronchitis,
and pneumonia in babies, and aggravate asthma in
children. Second-hand smoke (sometimes referred
to as passive smoking) can also cause lung
cancer. Each year in the US, an estimated 3,000
deaths occur that are attributable to lung
cancers caused by passive smoking.
Comments and recommendations:
Quitting smoking is difficult to accomplish;
tobacco contains nicotine, which is addictive.
Some smokers can quit "cold turkey," but for
most, quitting smoking requires a serious life-
long commitment and an average of six quitting
attempts before success.
Quitting smoking efforts may include behavior
modification, counseling, use of nicotine chewing
gum (Nicorette Gum), nicotine skin patches
(Transderm Nicotine ), or oral medications such
as bupropion (Zyban).
Avoid excessive alcohol consumption
Adverse consequences of excessive alcohol
Chronic, excess alcohol consumption is the major
cause of liver cirrhosis in the US.
Liver cirrhosis can cause internal hemorrhage,
fluid accumulation in the abdomen, easy bleeding
and bruising, muscle wasting, mental confusion,
infections, and in advanced cases, coma and
Liver cirrhosis can lead to liver cancer.
Alcohol accounts for 40-50% of deaths from
automobile accidents in the US.
Alcohol is a significant cause of injury and
death from home accidents, drowning, and burns.
Comments and recommendations:
There are many treatments for alcoholism. But the
crucial first step to recovery is for the
individual to admit there is a problem and make a
commitment to address the alcoholism issue. The
12-step-style self help programs, pioneered by
Alcoholics Anonymous, can be one effective
treatment. Psychologists and related
professionals have developed programs to help
individuals better handle emotional stresses and
avoid behaviors that can lead to excess drinking.
Support and understanding from family members are
often critical for sustained recovery. Medication
can be useful for the prevention of relapses and
for withdrawal symptoms following acute or
Avoid high-risk sexual behaviors
Multiple sex partners
Sex partners with a history of
Intravenous drug use
Venereal disease (sexually transmitted diseases )
Adverse consequences of high-risk sexual behavior:
Transmission of HIV and other sexually
transmitted diseases (chlamydia, gonorrhea ,
syphilis, genital herpes)
Transmission of hepatitis B (50% of hepatitis B
infections are due to sexual transmission), and
in rare instances hepatitis C.
Transmission of human papilloma virus (HPV),
which can cause genital warts and anogenital
carcinomas, most commonly cancer of the uterine
Avoid unprotected sex (sex without barriers such
as a condom) outside an established, committed,
Avoid other high-risk behaviors such as
Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs
Driving while sleep-deprived
Reckless driving and speeding, “road rage”
Driving while using cell phones or performing
Motorcycle (and bicycle) riding without helmets
Possession of firearms and guns without proper
training and storage
Smoking in bed
Adverse consequences of high-risk behaviors:
Motor vehicle accidents account for 40-50% of
Motorcycle accidents are a major cause of serious
Firearms and guns account for a significant
proportion of deaths among adolescents due to
male suicide and homicide.
Smoking in bed can lead to burn injury and death
Use seat restraints
Do not drink and drive
Do not drive if sleep deprived
Avoid unnecessary distractions while driving
(talking on cell phones, eating, applying makeup,
Use helmets while riding bicycles and
motorcycles. Helmet use reduces deaths from
motorcycle accidents by 30% and serious head
injuries by 75%.
Proper training in the use and storage of guns
Smoke detectors; avoid smoking in bed
Use seat restraints
Adverse consequences of excess sun exposure:
Risks of behavior, melanoma and other skin
Avoid sunburns and sun exposure without
protection. Use brimmed hats, protective clothing
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Tue, 11 Sep 2007
|100 Ways to Save The Environment
In Your Home – Conserve Energy
Clean or replace air filters on your air
conditioning unit at least once a month.
If you have central air conditioning, do not
close vents in unused rooms.
Lower the thermostat on your water heater to 120.
Wrap your water heater in an insulated blanket.
Turn down or shut off your water heater when you
will be away for extended periods.
Turn off unneeded lights even when leaving a room
for a short time.
Set your refrigerator temperature at 36 to 38 and
your freezer at 0 to 5 .
When using an oven, minimize door opening while
it is in use; it reduces oven temperature by 25
to 30 every time you open the door.
Clean the lint filter in your dryer after every
load so that it uses less energy.
Unplug seldom used appliances.
Use a microwave when- ever you can instead of a
conventional oven or stove.
Wash clothes with warm or cold water instead of
Reverse your indoor ceiling fans for summer and
winter operations as recommended.
Turn off lights, computers and other appliances
when not in use.
Purchase appliances and office equipment with the
Energy Star Label; old refridgerators, for
example, use up to 50 more electricity than newer
Only use electric appliances when you need them.
Use compact fluorescent light bulbs to save money
Keep your thermostat at 68 in winter and 78 in
Keep your thermostat higher in summer and lower
in winter when you are away
Insulate your home as best as you can.
Install weather stripping around all doors and
Shut off electrical equipment in the evening when
you leave work.
Plant trees to shade your home.
Shade outside air conditioning units by trees or
Replace old windows with energy efficient ones.
Use cold water instead of warm or hot water when
Connect your outdoor lights to a timer.
Buy green electricity - electricity produced by
low - or even zero-pollution facilities (NC
Greenpower for North Carolina -
www.ncgreenpower.org). In your home-reduce
In Your Home – Reduce Toxicity
Eliminate mercury from your home by purchasing
items without mercury, and dispose of items
containing mercury at an appropriate drop-off
facility when necessary (e.g. old thermometers).
Learn about alternatives to household cleaning
items that do not use hazardous chemicals.
Buy the right amount of paint for the job.
Review labels of household cleaners you use.
Consider alternatives like baking soda, scouring
pads, water or a little more elbow grease.
When no good alternatives exist to a toxic item,
find the least amount required for an effective,
If you have an older home, have paint in your
home tested for lead. If you have lead-based
paint, cover it with wall paper or other material
instead of sanding it or burning it off.
Use traps instead of rat and mouse poisons and
Have your home tested for radon.
Use cedar chips or aromatic herbs instead of
In Your Yard
Avoid using leaf blowers and other dust-producing
Use an electric lawn- mower instead of a gas-
Leave grass clippings on the yard-they decompose
and return nutrients to the soil.
Use recycled wood chips as mulch to keep weeds
down, retain moisture and prevent erosion.
Use only the required amount of fertilizer.
Minimize pesticide use.
Create a wildlife habitat in your yard.
Water grass early in the morning.
Rent or borrow items like ladders, chain saws,
party decorations and others that are seldom
Take actions that use non hazardous components
(e.g., to ward off pests, plant marigolds in a
garden instead of using pesticide).
Put leaves in a compost heap instead of burning
them or throwing them away. Yard debris too large
for your compost bin should be taken to a yard-
In Your Office
Copy and print on both sides of paper.
Reuse items like envelopes, folders and paper
Use mailer sheets for interoffice mail instead of
an envelope.Use mailer sheets for interoffice
mail instead of an envelope.
Set up a bulletin board for memos instead of
sending a copy to each employee.
Use e-mail instead of paper correspondence.
Use recycled paper.
Use discarded paper for scrap paper.
Encourage your school and/or company to print
documents with soy-based inks, which are less
Use a ceramic coffee mug instead of a disposable
Ways To Protect Our Air
Ask your employer to consider flexible work
schedules or telecommuting.
Recycle printer cartridges.
Shut off electrical equipment in the evening when
you leave work.
Report smoking vehicles to your local air agency.
Don't use your wood stove or fireplace when air
quality is poor.
Avoid slow-burning, smoldering fires. They
produce the largest amount of pollution.
Burn seasoned wood - it burns cleaner than green
Use solar power for home and water heating.
Use low-VOC or water-based paints, stains,
finishes and paint strippers.
Purchase radial tires and keep them properly
inflated for your vehicle.
Paint with brushes or rollers instead of using
spray paints to minimize harmful emissions.
Ignite charcoal barbecues with an electric probe
or other alternative to lighter fluid.
If you use a wood stove, use one sold after 1990.
They are required to meet federal emissions
standards and are more efficient and cleaner
Walk or ride your bike instead of driving,
Join a carpool or vanpool to get to work.
Ways to Use Less Water
Check and fix any water leaks.
Install water-saving devices on your faucets and
Don't wash dishes with the water running
Wash and dry only full loads of laundry and
Follow your community's water use restrictions or
Install a low-flow shower head.
Replace old toilets with new ones that use a lot
Turn off washing machine's water supply to
Ways to Protect Our Water
Revegetate or mulch disturbed soil as soon as
Never dump anything down a storm drain.
Have your septic tank pumped and system inspected
Check your car for oil or other leaks, and
recycle motor oil.
Take your car to a car wash instead of washing it
in the driveway.
Learn about your watershed.
Create Less Trash
Buy items in bulk from loose bins when possible
to reduce the packaging wasted.
Avoid products with several layers of packaging
when only one is sufficient. About 33 of what we
throw away is packaging.
Buy products that you can reuse.
Maintain and repair durable products instead of
buying new ones.
Check reports for products that are easily
repaired and have low breakdown rates.
Reuse items like bags and containers when
Use cloth napkins instead of paper ones.
Use reusable plates and utensils instead of
Use reusable containers to store food instead of
aluminum foil and cling wrap.
Shop with a canvas bag instead of using paper and
Buy rechargeable batteries for devices used
Reuse packaging cartons and shipping materials.
Old newspapers make great packaging material.
Compost your vegetable scraps.
Buy used furniture - there is a surplus of it,
and it is much cheaper than new furniture.
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